Effect of interior carton coatings on the retention of lettuce quality by C. Max Harris

Cover of: Effect of interior carton coatings on the retention of lettuce quality | C. Max Harris

Published by Agricultural Research (Western Region)], Science and Education Administration, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in [Oakland, Calif .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Lettuce -- Packing

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 6-7.

Book details

Statementby C. Max Harris.
SeriesAdvances in agricultural technology. Western series -- no. 13., Advances in agricultural technology -- no. 13.
ContributionsUnited States. Science and Education Administration. Agricultural Research. Western Region.
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 9 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17618297M
OCLC/WorldCa8030766

Download Effect of interior carton coatings on the retention of lettuce quality

Effect of Preparation Procedures and Storage Parameters on Quality Retention of Salad‐cut Lettuce H.R. BOLIN Authors Bolin and Huxsall are with the USDA Western Regional Research Center, Buchanan St., Albany, CA Cited by: The water retention of coating color on base paper is one of the most important properties that affect the sheet properties of coated paper.

However, we do not have any standard to evaluate water retention of coating color even though some methods have been suggested to evaluate water retention of coating Cited by: 2.

1. Introduction. According to the concept of the accelerator production of tritium (APT) design, spallation neutrons will be moderated to react with 3 He to produce tritium by way of the exothermic 3 He(n,p) 3 H reaction. The APT device will contain approximately thin-walled tubes filled with 3 He gas at a pressure of – MPa.

Tritium with an energy of keV and protium Cited by: 1. The influence of washing treatment on the retention of key antioxidants in minimally processed iceberg lettuce was examined.

Shredded iceberg lettuce was subjected to one of three washing treatments: a domestic wash (tap‐rinsed), immersion in distilled water (water‐dipped) or immersion in chlorinated water (chlorine‐dipped).Cited by:   On the other hand, interior reflective coating increases the heating saving with ventilation as discussed above, in the case of only reflective interior.

The combined effect of interior and exterior reflective coatings leads in this case to a heating penalty with low ventilation rate, and a heating saving with high ventilation by: Fatin Muftuoğlu, Zehra Ayhan, Okan Esturk, Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Kabaaşı Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.

‘Kabaaşı’): Effect of Atmosphere, Packaging Material Type and Coating on the Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Quality, Food and Bioprocess Technology, /s, 5, 5, (), (). The quality of fresh-cut lettuce is affected greatly by mechanical wounding during processing that can result in physiological responses such as tissue browning (Heimdal et al., ).

Browning can be inhibited by low O 2 concentrations in CA/MA (Ballantyne et al., ), but these concentrations in combination with elevated CO 2. To better understand the effect of salinity on lettuce production under conditions of the Central Coast, we conducted a field experiment to measure the effect of varying levels of salinity and sodium adsorption ratios (SAR) on the quality and yield of crisphead lettuce at the USDA Spence Research Field Station during the and seasons.

Atmospheric carbon-dioxide enrichment is known to affect the yield of lettuce and radish grown in controlled environments, but little is known about CO 2 enrichment effects on the chemical composition of lettuce and radish. These crops are useful model systems for a Controlled Ecological Life-Support System (CELSS), largely because of their relatively short production cycles.

gies as waterborne coatings, high-solid coatings, powder coatings, radiation curable coatings, and bio-based as well as nanomaterial based coatings, to name a few. The raw materials used in today’s advanced coatings are incredibly diverse and innovative compared to those used a few decades before.

Understanding this growing. Abstract The effects of coating formulation on thermal characteristics of coating layers (namely thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity and heat conductivity) were systematically studied and their impact on xerography print quality was evaluated.

Model coatings were prepared using ground calcium carbonate or kaolin pigment mixed with styrene butadiene latex binder in various proportions.

The surface of the boxboard which forms the interior of the carton. Backbone The back of a bound book; also called the spine. Backing Roll Rubber covered roll against which the metering device such as rod or blade can press. Backing up Printing the reverse or back side of a sheet that has already been printed on one side.

Back Water See White. The increased demand for food and the challenge for space for agriculture production in urban centers have made the vertical growth system an interesting trend. Agriculture is no longer only the horizontal, traditional, and soil grown method.

Urban agriculture has created ways for inner city growers to be able to farm in a restricted space. Vertical farming is the practice of growing crops. María L. Zambrano-Zaragoza, David Quintanar-Guerrero, in Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability, Coating on Food Surfaces.

Food coatings have different functions. They are a barrier that limits the contact of the product with the environment, modifies the functional properties of foods, and contributes to the control of the surface moisture preventing the agglomeration.

The main topic of this paper is a focus on some non-conventional tools to preserve the microbiological and physico-chemical quality of fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. The quality of fresh-cut foods is the result of a complex equilibrium involving surface microbiota, storage temperature, gas in the headspace and the use of antimicrobials.

This paper proposes a short overview of some non. by Catherine Haug, Janu ; updated JanuJanuand February 8, Thanks to Shelli R. for this article on Reality Blog: Dude, Isn’t that Wax on Your Apple. (1), and 1-minute You Tube Video: Plastic Lettuce (3).

She researched this after finding it on red leaf, bib, and romaine lettuce at the Safeway in Polson. Water retention of a coating color on base paper influences final properties of the coated paper and the blade coating operation. However, there is not any standard method to evaluate water retention of a coating color even though several have been suggested.

We separated “Water Retention” into static water retention and dynamic water. Pre-harvest effects on lettuce quality Lettuce is an important horticultural crop in Australia, with an annual production over million tonnes and. a total gross value of $ million.

Lettuce is regularly purchased by 80% of consumers in Australia. There are four main types of lettuce: • Crisphead. often referred to as Iceberg or simply head. When measuring gloss retention relative to exposure time, it is best to take gloss measurements at both 20° and 60° geometries.

Gloss measurements taken at the 20° geometry may better differentiate coating performance at the beginning of the exposure when gloss levels are high, and the measurements taken at 60° may better differentiate between coating performance at the end of.

The effect of coating color solids on properties for high-quality coated papers. The degree of property improvement resulting from the capability to coat at higher solids when using a higher.

Formulating High-Quality Coatings with Celatom® Functional Additives A round the world, makers of high-quality architectural and industrial coatings have discovered the benefits of Celatom® diatomaceous earth (DE), also known as diatomite or kieselgühr.

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oleifera leaves processed by different methods retained a high phenolic content and exhibited strong free radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation activity.

The application of coatings to apples, citrus, stone fruits, avocadoes, tomatoes, and cucumbers prior to marketing is standard practice in the United States and many other countries. The purpose of coatings on fruit and vegetables is to reduce water loss, slow senescence and aging, impart shine, and allow for better quality and marketing price.

Therefore, the type of finishing will determine the state of the coating and color retention. Basically, different coatings have various levels of color retention, hence it is an indicator of superiority in paints or coats.

Coatings with high color retention portray high resistance to corrosion properties. Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale. In other words, it might refer to whether a commodity should no longer be on a pantry shelf (unfit for use), or just no longer on a supermarket shelf.

A new method to determine the water retention of coating colours and its impact on mottling of coated papers, TAPPI Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium Please Note: This document will be available in PDF format in the "My Electronic Documents" link on the home page once your order has been completed.

Coatings, sealants and lacquers can give your packaging the right finishing touch to compliment the product and appeal to the consumer. Matte or glossy finish Coating materials, like OPULUX™ Optical Finishes, can deliver a matte finish, while maintaining a high degree of color retention and offering several other features and benefits.

Effects of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L) cultivars and cultivation methods on growth, quality, and shelf-life. Kor J Hort Sci Technol. ; – Lim TH, Kim JH, Cha B. Responses of peach blossom blight and brown rot fungus Monilinia fructicola to benzimidazole and diethofencarb in Korea.

The carton blanks also incorporate creases, which enable the carton to be formed for packaging the customer’s product. Functional Coatings: The lamination of polyethylene and/or plastic or foil films to paper substrates, providing a water or grease-proof barrier.

Typically used in high humidity applications in both tropical and cold temperatures. Since lettuce is a vegetative crop, a well-balanced grow formula is all that is necessary to produce a high-quality crop. Grow formulas are proportionately higher in nitrogen than bloom formulas, usually with an N-P-K ratio of about phThe nitrate form of nitrogen is usually preferred, with no more than about % of the available.

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with carton boxes is investigated. The compression strength characteristics at constant temperature and relative humidity conditions are tested under various cyclic environmental conditions.

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Drawing from the third edition of The Coatings Technology Handbook, this text provides a detailed analysis of the raw materials used in the coatings, adhesives, paints, and inks industries.

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The average density of expanded perlite is about kg/m 3 and its thermal conductivity is about kcal m-1 h-1 °C-1 ( W m-1 °C-1). The perlite is expanded by means of rapid heating at a temperature between and 1. The coating blade used for evening out and setting the coating layer once again directly affects the coated surface properties and uniformity and potentially directly affects the final quality.

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lettuce midribs than in intact heads stored in air + 20% CO* for 20 days at 25°C and transferred to air for 12 h. For cut lettuce products, however, BS generally has less effect on visual quality than does browning of the cut surface (Mateos et al., b).

The coating colours used in the preparation of our coated samples had a solids content of about 55 w/w%. On a dry basis, the composition of our coating colours was 25 w/w% binder and 75 w/w% pigment.

This is a higher percentage of binder than in a typical industrial paper coating colour, but the level is chosen in order to maximise. This book provides knowledge on the finishing of substrates with a functionalising coating, emphasizing on technical textiles.

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These failures can be measured with DOI of the coating surface (ASTM D ), which records changes in surface smoothness of the film. Figure 5 and Table 2 indicate the effect of surface treatments on DOI retention.

There is a definite drop in DOI retention for chromium hydroxide treated material (B and F) as well as the untreated material (A.The effect of a cavity varnish on the retention of restorations was investigated by measuring the force needed to push restorations out of bottomless ivory cavities.

The varnish lining decreased the retaining force of inlays by half, and slightly increased the retaining force of amalgam restorations.

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